MEMORIAL TO RANDOLPH CALDECOTT
An artist whose sweet and dainty grace
The spaces between the letters have been cut with rough lines and these areas have been gilded. Above the niche are four more lines of similar lettering; these read as follows:
Born at Chester 1846
Died in Florida and buried there
Height: 2073 mm Width: 852 mm Depth: 355 mm
Structurally the monument is sound.
The monument is very dusty with accumulations of fluff and dust in all the recessed areas and behind the medallion. There is a significant layer of dust on the top surfaces of the mouldings and most notably on the plinth. There is a cobweb and a large piece of chewing gum on the under surfaces of two lower mouldings.
White deposits can be seen in recessed areas and corners of many of the mouldings. This is likely to be the residue from cleaning products which have not been rinsed adequately.
There is white paint around all the edges of the black marble and some additional splashes.
This is the same paint as on the surrounding walls. There are blue paint spots on the left arm.
The surface varnish/coating, which has been applied to the front of the figure, has now discoloured to a reddish-brown. On the lower edges of the coating, it has formed a thicker line with some drips of up to 2mm in depth. This is most noticeable on the left arm and right hand, and to a lesser extent along the edges of the robe. This discolouration has resulted in a very blotchy, dark brown appearance, especially on the face and hands of the figure.
There are two quite large areas of paint loss on the forehead and left cheek and approximately six smaller losses over the face.
There are a number of cracks at the bottom right of the stone surround, one of which runs underneath the lettering. The cracks have been filled with a dark brown material which does not match the surrounding stone. Small areas of this fill are missing.
The letters "SB" have been scratched into the metal of the robes.
The following tests were carried out on discreet, recessed areas of the surface coating on the hands and robe. All chemicals were applied on cotton wool swabs and where appropriate were rinsed with de-ionised water.
Tests 1, 2, 5: gave very little result, some surface dirt was removed.
Test 7: an orange/brown colour on swab indicates removal of a small amount of the surface coating.
Tests 3 and 4: removed the surface coating slightly more readily than Test 7.
Test 6: fairly rapidly removed the surface coating.
The orange/brown colour seen on the cotton swabs after cleaning with xylene, tri-ammonium citrate, acetone and IMS indicates that the surface coating is readily dissolved. Little dirt is removed before the coating dissolves.
The marble supporting panel and architectural forms are dirty. Cotton swabs with de-ionised water and Triton removed a small amount of dirt from these surfaces.
Paint splatters are removable with acetone or with a scalpel.
After cleaning, as listed in points 1-9 below, the larger areas of paint loss on the face, hands and feet should be retouched. The amount of retouching to be undertaken is best decided once the cleaning has been completed.
© 2000 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England. Reproduced with permission.